Slovenia is situated in Central Europe and covers an area of 20,273 km2 (half the size of Switzerland).
It has borders with Italy, Austria, Croatia and Hungary, and stretches across the Alps, the Dinaric Alps and the Pannonian Plain to the Mediterranean.
In spite of its geographically small size, it is a convergence point for a range of different landscapes, each of which has its own characteristics and unique features.
The coastline is only 46.6 km long, but there are 26,000 km of rivers and streamsand some 7,500 freshwater springs, including several hundred first-class therapeutic mineral springs.
Forests cover around 60% of the territory of the country; Slovenia is the 3rd most forested country in Europe, after Finland and Sweden. Remnants of primeval forests can still be found, the largest in the Kocevje area.
Grassland covers 5,593 km2 of the country and fields and gardens 2,471 km2. There are also 363 km2 of orchards and 216 km2 of vineyards.
Approximately 11.5% of the Slovenian countryside is legally protected. Slovenia has 44 protected areas for parks, including 1 national park, 3 regional parks, and 40 landscape parks. 35% of the country is protected as part of the Natura 2000 network (sites reserved for bird conservation and the conservation of habitat types and species). Slovenia boasts 7,000 registered Karst caves, 15,000 animal species and 3,200 plant species, some of them are endemic.
20,273 km2 (7,906 sq miles)
|Length of borders||
|Coastline||Adriatic Sea||46.6 km|
Geographical division of Slovenia
|Highest peak||Triglav||2,864 m|
Average height above sea level
Temperate with regional variations:
|● continental in central Slovenia
● alpine in the north-west
● sub-Mediterranean along the coast
and its hinterland
|Average annual rainfall||
Around 1,000 mm
More than 3,000 mm
in the east
in the north-west
Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, 2016
Geostrategic position of Slovenia